In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury and to be confronted with the wit­nesses against him. That impartial jury decides the ultimate question of guilt or innocence based, often in large part, on confrontation by cross-examination of witnesses hostile to the defendant —the ultimate tool to test the witnesses’ truth-telling. The Confrontation Clause requires the witness who is adverse to the defendant “to submit to cross-examination, the greatest legal engine ever invented for the discovery of truth. The central concern of the Confrontation Clause is to ensure the reliability of the evidence against a criminal defendant by subjecting it to rigorous testing in the context of an adversary proceeding before the trier of fact.

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Tax lawyer- Cross examination of the governments witnesses in a crimial tax defense case